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The Economics of the Mishnah

In this compelling study, Jacob Neusner argues that economics is an active and generative ingredient of the system of the Mishnah. The Mishnah directly addresses such economic concerns as the value of work, agronomics, currency, commerce and the marketplace, and correct management of labor and of the household. In all its breadth, the Mishnah poses the question of the critical place occupied by the economy in society under God's rule. The Economics of the Mishnah is the first book to examine the place of economic theory generally in the Judaic system of the Mishnah. Jacob Neusner begins by surveying previous work on economics and Judaism, the best known being Werner Sombart's The Jews and Modern Capitalism. The mistaken notion that Jews have had a common economic history has outlived the demise of Sombart's argument, and it is a notion that Neusner overturns before discussing the Mishnaic economics. Only in Aristotle, Neusner argues, do we find an equal to the Mishnah's accomplishment in engaging economics in the service of a larger systemic statement. Neusner shows that the framers of the Mishnah imagined a distributive economy functioning through the Temple and priesthood, while also legislating for the action of markets. The economics of the Mishnah, then, is to some extent a mixed economy. The dominant, distributive element in this mixed economy, Neusner contends, derives from the belief that the Temple and its designated castes on earth exercise God's claim to the ownership of the holy land. He concludes by considering the implications of the derivation of the Mishnah's economics from the interests of the undercapitalized and overextended farmer.

The Economics of the Mishnah is the first book to examine the place of economic theory generally in the Judaic system of the Mishnah.

Antibody-based Membrane Proteomics of the Blood-brain Barrier

The unique features of the brain microvasculature endothelium, also known as the blood-brain barrier (BBB), are imparted by its membrane proteome. The critical role of the BBB membrane proteome in the protection and maintenance of the brain during normal function and in the BBB dysfunction that hallmarks several neurological disorders highlights the importance of BBB membrane proteomic studies. We have developed a novel antibody-based approach, called Multiplex Expression Cloning (MEC), for de novo identification of BBB membrane proteins. MEC involves the mining of a BBB cDNA library, expressed in a mammalian host cell, for membrane protein-encoding clones with the help of a BBB-specific polyclonal antiserum. MEC does not require protein solubilization and yields increased ectopic protein expression levels, thus enabling the detection of even those membrane proteins that due to their hydrophobicity or low abundance levels in vivo are inaccessible to current proteomic approaches such as mass spectrometry. MEC was used to identify a panel of 30 BBB membrane proteins and for the first time, the transcript abundance levels of these membrane proteins were compared across the vascular beds of lung, liver, kidney, heart and brain by use of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) coupled with laser capture microdissection (LCM). Five membrane proteins, namely Lutheran, carbonic anhydrase IV, podocalyxin, uncoupling protein 2 and solute carrier family 38 - member 5 were identified as being preferentially expressed at the BBB when compared to other vascular beds and many others displayed unique patterns of vascular expression amongst the tissues tested. Finally, in order to facilitate future profiling of membrane protein expression across tissues or in disease states, a facile platform was developed for the generation of antibody microarrays, by use of yeast surface display. To summarize, this study serves to demonstrate the utility and the power of antibody-based approaches for unraveling the membrane proteome of the BBB, while avoiding some of the pitfalls that confound current proteomic methods.

The unique features of the brain microvasculature endothelium, also known as the blood-brain barrier (BBB), are imparted by its membrane proteome.

Model-model pembelajaran mutakhir

perpaduan Indonesia-Malaysia

Learning model of good quality schools in Malaysia and Indonesia.

KATA PENGANTAR KETUA PENGARAH PENDIDIKAN LABUAN-MALAYSIA
Masa sekarang ini, pembelajaran inovatif yang akan mampu membawa
perubahan belajar bagi siswa, telah men- jadi barang wajib bagi guru.
Pembelajaran konvensional telah usang dan dipandang sesuatu yang tidak
menarik lagi. Siswa sudah sangat tidak nyaman dengan model pembela- jaran
konvensional tersebut. Sebaliknya, siswa akan senang dengan pembelajaran
yang sesuai dengan tuntutan ...

Hukum zakat dan peraturan perundang-undangannya di Indonesia

Implementation of zakat according to Islamic law and its administrative procedure and management in Indonesia with references to Indonesian laws and regulations.

Implementation of zakat according to Islamic law and its administrative procedure and management in Indonesia with references to Indonesian laws and regulations.