Sebanyak 51 item atau buku ditemukan

Aktualisasi ajaran tarekat Syekh Abdul Wahab Rokan al-Naqsyabandi

sejarah sosial tarekat Naqsyabandiyah Sumatera Utara

History and development of the Naqshabandiyah in Sumatera Utara.

History and development of the Naqshabandiyah in Sumatera Utara.

Bagaimana memenangkan pemilu

Strategy of Indonesian political parties to win the 2004 general election with references to the Indonesian election laws and regulations.

... b. menetapkan standardisasi serta kebutuhan barang dan jasa yang berkaitan
dengan penyelenggaraan Pemilu berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan;
c. memelihara arsip dan dokumen Pemilu serta mengelola barang inventaris
KPU berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan; d. menyampaikan informasi
kegiatan kepada masyarakat; e. melaporkan penyelenggaraan Pemilu kepada
Presiden selambat-lambatnya 7 (tujuh) hari Bagaimana JVlemenangfean Pemilu
117.

Logic Versus Approximation

Essays Dedicated to Michael M. Richter on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday

Nowadays knowledge-based systems research and development essentially employs two paradigms of reasoning. There are on the one hand the logic-based approaches where logic is to be understood in a rather broad sense; usually these approaches are used in symbolic domains where numerical calculations are not the core challenge. On the other hand we find approximation oriented reasoning; methods of these kinds are mainly applied in numerical domains where approximation is part of the scientific methodology itself. However, from an abstract level all these approaches do focus on similar topics and arise on various levels such as problem modeling, inference and problem solving techniques, algorithms and mathematical methods, mathematical relations between discrete and continuous properties, and are integrated in tools and applications. In accordance with the unifying vision and research interest of Michael M. Richter and in correspondence to his scientific work, this book presents 13 revised full papers advocating the integration of logic-based and approximation-oriented approaches in knowledge processing.

Problem-specific algorithms vs. heuristics, exact optimization vs. approximation
vs. heuristic solutions, guaranteed run time vs. expected run time vs.
experimental run time analysis. Here, a framework for a theory of randomized
search heuristics is presented. After a brief history of discrete optimization,
scenarios are discussed where randomized search heuristics are appropriate.
Different randomized se- arch heuristics are presented and it is argued why the
expected optimization time ...

Islam dan pendidikan pluralisme

studi pemikiran Ahmad Syafii Maarif

On thoughts of Ahmad Syafii Maarif, Chairman of Muhammadiyah, 1998-2005, on religious pluralism in Indonesia.

On thoughts of Ahmad Syafii Maarif, Chairman of Muhammadiyah, 1998-2005, on religious pluralism in Indonesia.

Second Language Socialization and Learner Agency

This book examines how Russian-speaking adoptees in three US families actively shape opportunities for language learning and identity construction in everyday interactions. This work focuses on how learners achieve agency in second language socialization processes and informs the fields of second language acquisition and language maintenance and shift.

Building on prior language socialization research in first language and bilingual
contexts, in this book I have discussed how language socialization processes (
e.g. telling stories about the day, talking about language and code-switching)
play ...

Sociolinguistics

Sociolinguistics is a branch of linguistics which studies the ways in which language is integrated with human society, specifically, with reference to such notions as race, ethnicity, class, sex, and social institutions. This book presents current research in the study of sociolinguistics from authors across the globe including such topics as: language and human cognition; sequential developments in sociolinguistic methodology; address term studies in sociolinguistics; and the historical study of language and society.

This book presents current research in the study of sociolinguistics from authors across the globe including such topics as: language and human cognition; sequential developments in sociolinguistic methodology; address term studies in ...

Sastra Perlawanan

Menggugat Seni Budaya Kapitalis, Menegakkan Seni Sastra Kerakyatan Yang Humanis Kritis

Essays on social and cultural aspects of Indonesian literature and arts.

Essays on social and cultural aspects of Indonesian literature and arts.