Sebanyak 107 item atau buku ditemukan

History of al-Tabari Vol. 15, The

The Crisis of the Early Caliphate: The Reign of 'Uthman A.D. 644-656/A.H. 24-35

Before the caliphate of the 'Uthman b. 'Affan, the Muslim community had grown from strength to strength in spite of a series of major crises--the Hirah, the death of the Prophet, the Riddah wars, the assassination of 'Umar by a Persian slave. But 'Uthman's reign ended in catastrophe. His inability to manage the social and political conflicts that were now emerging among various factions within the community led to his death at the hands of Muslim rebels. The consequences of this tragic event were bitter: not only a century of civil war, but also political and religious schisms of such depth that they have not been entirely healed even now. Most medieval Muslim historians told this story in an overtly partisan manner, but al-Tabari demands more of his readers. First of all, they must decide for themselves, on the basis of highly ambigous evidence, whether 'Uthman's death was tyrannicide or murder. But, more than that, they must ask how such a thing could have happened at all; what had the Muslims done to bring about the near-destruction of their community? Al-Tabari presents this challenge within a broad framework. For, even while the internal crisis that issued in 'Uthman's death was coming to a head, the wars against Byzantium and Persia continued. The first expeditions into North Africa, the conquest of Cyprus, the momentary destruction of the Byzantine fleet at the Battle of the Masts, the bloody campaigns in Armenia, the Caucasus, and Khurasan are all here, in narratives that shift constantly between hard reporting and pious legend. Muslim forces retain the offensive, but there are no more easy victories; henceforth, suffering and endurance will be the hallmarks of the hero. Most evocative in the light of 'Uthman's fate is the moving account of the murder of the last Sasanian king, Yazdagird III--a man betrayed by his nobles and subjects, but most of all by his own character.

Abi Tilib (wife of 'Umar) 28 Umm Kulthurn bt. Muhammad 2 54 Umm Kulthum bt. '
Uqbah b. Abi Mu'ayt 172 Umm Sa'id bt. 'Uthman b. 'Affan 254 ummah 3o, 31, 96,
117, 129, 143, 148, 214, 221, 242, 244 'umrah 68, 108 'Uqbah b. 'Amr al-Ansari ...

Polya Urn Models

Incorporating a collection of recent results, Pólya Urn Models deals with discrete probability through the modern and evolving urn theory and its numerous applications. The book first substantiates the realization of distributions with urn arguments and introduces several modern tools, including exchangeability and stochastic processes via urns. It reviews classical probability problems and presents dichromatic Pólya urns as a basic discrete structure growing in discrete time. The author then embeds the discrete Pólya urn scheme in Poisson processes to achieve an equivalent view in continuous time, provides heuristical arguments to connect the Pólya process to the discrete urn scheme, and explores extensions and generalizations. He also discusses how functional equations for moment generating functions can be obtained and solved. The final chapters cover applications of urns to computer science and bioscience. Examining how urns can help conceptualize discrete probability principles, this book provides information pertinent to the modeling of dynamically evolving systems where particles come and go according to governing rules.

Examining how urns can help conceptualize discrete probability principles, this book provides information pertinent to the modeling of dynamically evolving systems where particles come and go according to governing rules.

Wajah GKST

buku kenangan 100 tahun Injil masuk Tana Poso

Volume commemorating the centenial of Gereja Kristen Sulawesi Tengah.

Volume commemorating the centenial of Gereja Kristen Sulawesi Tengah.

Transformasi industri Indonesia dalam era perdagangan bebas

Industrialization in Indonesia, transformation and public policies in the wake of free trade; papers.

Internasional. dan. Lingkungan. Hidup. : Implikasi. bagi. Indonesia. KURNYA
ROESAD PENDAHULUAN PROSES liberalisasi perdagangan berlangsung baik
pada tingkat global maupun regional . Pada tingkat global , pemerintahan di
setiap ...

Soft Computing in Software Engineering

This book illustrates the impact of soft computing techniques on software engineering research and practices dealing with a range of novel methods reshaping the software development process. Specifically, it is shown how Software Engineering tasks such as reuse-oriented classification (e.g. components’ repositories), software diagnostic (e.g. bug detection and correction), effort prediction (e.g. project costs and time estimation), planning (e.g. project scheduling) and others can be appropriately handled by means of soft computing techniques. The book is a valuable reference for practitioners as well as an updated resource of ongoing interdisciplinary research in Soft Computing in Software Engineering.

Ernesto Damiani1, Lakhmi Jain2, and Mauro Madravio1 1 Department of
Information Technology University of Milan edamiam, mmadravio9crema.ux1in1i.
it 2 Knowledge-based Engineering Systems (KES) Center University of South
Australia ...