Sebanyak 13 item atau buku ditemukan

UNDANG-UNDANG PEMILU 2019

Pemilihan Umum (Pemilu) adalah salah satu wujud demokrasi.Dengan kata lain, Pemilu adalah pengejawantahan penting dari “demokrasi prosedural”. Prosedur utama demokrasi adalah pemilihan para pemimpin secara kompetitif oleh rakyat yang bakal mereka pimpin. Selain itu, Pemilu sangat sejalan dengan semangat demokrasi secara subtansi atau “demokrasi subtansial”, yakni demokrasi dalam pengertian pemerintah yang diselenggarakan dari rakyat, oleh rakyat dan untuk rakyat. Artinya, rakyatlah yang memegang kekuasaan tertinggi. Pemilu adalah praktik politik untuk mewujudkan kedaulatan rakyat yang memungkinkan terbentuknya sebuah pemerintahan perwakilan (representative government). Secara sederhana, Pemilihan Umum didefinisikan sebagai suatu cara atau sarana untuk menentukan orang-orang yang akan mewakili rakyat dalam menjalankan pemerintahan. Dalam pemilihan umum, biasanya para kandidat akan melakukan kampanye sebelum pemungutan suara dilakukan selama selang waktu yang telah dientukan. Dalam kampanye tersebut para kandidat akan berusaha menarik perhatian masyarakat secara persuasif, menyatakan visi dan misinya untuk memajukan dan memperjuangkan kesejahteraan rakyat. Tujuan diselenggarkannya Pemilihan Umum adalah untuk memilih wakil rakyat dan wakil daerah untuk membentuk pemerintahan yang demokratis, kuat dan memperoleh dukungan dari rakyat dalam rangka mewujudkan tujuan nasional. Pemilu dipandang sebagai bentuk paling nyata dari kedaulatan yang berada di tangan rakyat serta wujud paling konkret partisipasi rakyat dalam penyelenggaraan negara. Oleh karena itu, sistem dan penyelenggaraan Pemilu selalu menjadi perhatian utama karena melalui penataan, sistem dan kualitas penyelenggaraan Pemilu diharapkan dapat benar-benar mewujudkan pemerintahan dari, oleh, dan untuk rakyat. Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 2017 merupakan penyederhanaan dan penggabungan dari 3 (tiga) buah undang-undang sebelumnya, yakni Undang-Undang Nomor 42 Tahun 2008 tentang Pemilihan Umum Presiden dan Wakil Presiden, Undang-Undang Nomor 15 Tahun 2011 tentang Penyelenggara Pemilihan Umum, dan Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 2012 tentang Pemilihan Umum Anggota Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, dan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah. Ditegaskan dalam UU ini, Pemilu dilaksanakan berdasarkan asas Langsung, umum, bebas, rahasia, jujur, dan adil. Dan dalam menyelenggarakan pemilu, penyelenggara pemilu harus melaksanakan Pemilu berdasarkan pada asas sebagaimana dimaksud, dan penyelenggaraannya harus memenuhi prinsip: a. mandiri; b. jujur; c. adil; d. berkepastian hukum; e. tertib; f. terbuka; g. proporsional; h. profesional; i. akuntabel; j. efektif; dan k. Efisien.

(2) Proses peralihan status kepegawaian sebagaimana dimaksud pada ayat (1)
dilakukan oleh Sekretariat Jenderal KPU dengan terlebih dahulu memberikan
pilihan kepada pegawai yang bersangkutan dan berkoordinasi dengan
pemerintah daerah. (3) Proses peralihan status sekretaris Bawaslu Provinsi dan
pegawai sekretariat Bawaslu Provinsi menjadi pegawai Sekretariat Jenderal
Bawaslu dilakukan secara bertahap sesuai dengan ketentuan peraturan
perundang-undangan.

UML y patrones

una introducción al análisis y diseño orientado a objetos y al proceso unificado

Ingeniería de Software - Prog. orientada a objetos

Ingeniería de Software - Prog. orientada a objetos

Why You Hear what You Hear

An Experiential Approach to Sound, Music, and Psychoacoustics

Why You Hear What You Hear is the first book on the physics of sound for the nonspecialist to empower readers with a hands-on, ears-open approach that includes production, analysis, and perception of sound. The book makes possible a deep intuitive understanding of many aspects of sound, as opposed to the usual approach of mere description. This goal is aided by hundreds of original illustrations and examples, many of which the reader can reproduce and adjust using the same tools used by the author (e.g., very accessible applets for PC and Mac, and interactive web-based examples, simulations, and analysis tools will be found on the book's website: whyyouhearwhatyouhear.com.) Readers are positioned to build intuition by participating in discovery. This truly progressive introduction to sound engages and informs amateur and professional musicians, performers, teachers, sound engineers, students of many stripes, and indeed anyone interested in the auditory world. The book does not hesitate to follow entertaining and sometimes controversial side trips into the history and world of acoustics, reinforcing key concepts. You will discover how musical instruments really work, how pitch is perceived, and how sound can be amplified with no external power source. Sound is key to our lives, and is the most accessible portal to the vibratory universe. This book takes you there. The first book on sound to offer interactive tools, building conceptual understanding via an experiential approach Supplementary website (http://www.whyyouhearwhatyouhear.com) will provide Java, MAX, and other free, multiplatform, interactive graphical and sound applets Extensive selection of original exercises available on the web with solutions Nearly 400 full-color illustrations, many of simulations that students can do

Hugh Churchill. Kate Jensen. and lay \v-"aishnav. I am also indebted to Alex and
to Dr. Mario Borunda for a careful reading of the manuscript and many
suggestions for improvements. Robert Yi. an undergraduate at. xxvii
Acknowledgments.

Welfare Regime, Social Conflict, and Clientelism in Indonesia

This study analyses the character and trajectory of Indonesia's welfare regime in which government welfare provisions trigger social conflict and are used for the practice of clientelism. The study focuses on four issues: the administrative arrangements of government social protection programs; the implication of the administrative arrangements for social conflict; the threat of conflict to social capital; and political manipulation of the arrangements for clientelism. This study selects subsidised rice (Raskin) and unconditional cash transfer (BLT) programs as the cases to understand these issues. The study employs mixed methods, with a qualitative approach as the main method. Prior to qualitative data analysis, this research looks at Governance and Decentralisation Survey and Indonesia Family Life Survey using descriptive statistical analysis. After the quantitative analysis, this study examines qualitative data, which covers newspapers, television news footages, previous related studies, government documents, and primary data. The primary data were collected through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. The fieldwork data collection was conducted at national, district, and community levels. This study involved 117 key persons consisting of the former vice president, parliament members, government officers, districts mayors, non-government organisation activists, village heads, and social leaders. The analysis of the data shows that since 1998, Indonesia's welfare regime has been undergoing a transformation from a productivist welfare regime to a liberal-informal one. The transformation is shown by a growing role of the state in providing social protection for the poor and at the same time, the role of community in providing livelihood for people is still thriving. The growing role of the state was triggered under pressure by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank through establishing conditionality to provide social safety net to support structural adjustment programs. The welfare-regime transformation suffers from complicated social conflict. Both quantitative and qualitative data show that the BLT program stimulated social conflicts, protests, and destructive demonstrations. The conflict, which was a result of recurring discord triggered by the Raskin program, occurred because of poor administrative arrangements of the BLT program which led to a problematic mis-targeted distribution. The conflict eroded trust and weakened social networks threatening social capital. Besides generating social conflict, the Raskin and BLT programs also provoked clientelism, which emerge at national, district, and community levels. At the national level, the ruling party used BLT program for vote buying in the 2009 presidential elections. The party manipulated the administrative arrangement of BLT programs, eliminated widespread political refusal of the program, distributed BLT during political campaign period, and claimed it as the ruling party's benevolence to mobilise voters to obtain their votes. At district level, BLT program was used by district mayors to show their political loyalties and to bargain with political-party leaders to secure their office. At community level, village heads utilised both Raskin and BLT programs to reward people who voted for the village heads in the village-head elections and to keep their political loyalties for the next village-head elections.

The primary data were collected through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. The fieldwork data collection was conducted at national, district, and community levels.

Bunga rampai hukum acara perdata Indonesia

perspektif, teoretis, praktik, dan permasalahannya

On Indonesian civil procedural code.

On Indonesian civil procedural code.