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Neutrosophy in Arabic Philosophy (English language version)

Examples of Neutrosophy used in Arabic philosophy:- While Avicenna promotes the idea that the world is contingent if it is necessitated by its causes, Averroes rejects it, and both of them are right from their point of view. Hence and have common parts.- Islamic dialectical theology (kalam) promoting creationism was connected by Avicenna in an extraordinary way with the opposite Aristotelian-Neoplatonic tradition.Much work by Avicenna is neutrosophic.- Averroes's religious judges (qadis) can be connected with atheists' believes.- al-Farabi's metaphysics and general theory of emanation vs. al-Ghazali's Sufi writings and mystical treatises [we may think about a coherence of al-Ghazali's "Incoherence of the Incoherence" book].- al-Kindi's combination of Koranic doctrines with Greek philosophy.- Islamic Neoplatonism + Western Neoplatonism. - Ibn ? Khaldun?s statements in his theory on the cyclic sequence of civilizations, says that: Luxury leads to the raising of civilization (because the people seek for comforts of life) but also Luxury leads to the decay of civilization (because its correlation with ethics corruption).- On the other hand, there?s the method of absent?by?present syllogism in jurisprudence, in which we find the same principles and laws of neutrosophy.- We can also function a lot of Arabic aphorisms, maxims, Koranic miracles (Ayat Al-Qur??n) and Sunna of the prophet, to support the theory of neutrosophy. Take the colloquial proverb that "The continuance of state is impossible" too, or "Everything, if it?s increased over its extreme, it will turn over to its opposite"!

Florentin Smarandache has worked as a math professor in Morocco for two years
, 1982-4, teaching in French language, when he read the Quran and got
familiarized with the Islamic culture, arts and literature. He has even published a

Mencari Buah Simalakama


Sepanjang masa hidupmu, kelak kamu akan menemui buah simalakamamu sendiri. Namun, tahukah kamu buah simalakama yang rasanya paling getir? Yang kesakitannya bukan hanya dirasakan oleh dirimu saja, melainkan harus dipikul oleh jutaan orang di sekitarmu. Inilah simalakama itu: Ibu sebagai jelmaan alam, Bapak berwujud pemerintah, dan Rakyat yang menjadi anak-anaknya. Bapak yang kau pikir mengayomi Ibu serta anak-anaknya, justru menghalangi, merampok, dan menumpuk-numpuk sendiri cahaya kesejahteraan dari Tuhan. Si Bapak itulah kolonialis-imperialis, diktator yang memaksakan kemauan dan aturan egoisnya kepada anak-anaknya sendiri. Sudahkah kau temukan kenyataan itu? [Mizan, Bentang Pustaka, Indonesia, Opimi, Filosofi, Opini]

Akan tetapi, pada sangat banyak jenis dan bentuk makhluk bermacam-macam
itu, ada satu yang sama: cahaya yang berdenyar-denyar antara titik pusat
kehadiran masing-masing makhluk itu dan langit. Beribu-ribu, mungkin berjuta-
juta, tali ...

Berfilsafat dari konteks

Philosophy related to socioculture, politics, religion, and business, with reference to Indonesia.

Philosophy related to socioculture, politics, religion, and business, with reference to Indonesia.

Story of Islamic Philosophy, The

Ibn Tufayl, Ibn al-'Arabi, and Others on the Limit between Naturalism and Traditionalism

Offers a new interpretation of medieval Islamic philosophy, one informed by Platonic mysticism.

Introduction The story of Islamic philosophy is the story of the development of the
human intellect from the rationalistic phase, represented in this study by Farabi (d
.950)', to an illuminative phase represented by Ibn Tufayl (d.ll85) and Ibn al-'Arabi
(d. 1240)? Illuminative philosophy is based on a model of mystical illumination
that found its best expression in Plato's Seventh Letter and that is illustrated in
Mishkdt al-Anwdr (Niche of Lights) by Ghazali (d. 1111) and al-lshdrdt wa-
alTanbihdt ...

Ibn al-'Arabi's Barzakh

The Concept of the Limit and the Relationship between God and the World

Explores the concept of the Limit (barzakh), which the great Sufi mystic Ibn al-'Arabi used to address the philosophical controversy regarding God's relationship with the world.

I have presented what I think is an essential concept in Ibn al->Arab•'s mystical
philosophy, namely, the concept of the Limit (barzakh). I have conducted this
presentation as systematically as possible and within the limitations of the subject
matter of the study. The task was not an easy one, as readers of Ibn al->Arab• can
imagine. This is not, however, to rid myself of the full responsibility for mistakes
that have been committed in the work or for the criticism that it might invoke. This
must ...

A Beginner's History of Philosophy: Modern philosophy

They were but a ragged regiment whose whole ammunition of learning was a
trifle when compared with the abundant stores of a single light of orthodoxy ;
whilst in speculative ability they were children by the side of their antagonists."*
The English deists passed from view at the end of the first half of the eighteenth
century, crushed by the weight of the attack upon them. The more powerful
orthodoxy, with its greater talent, was itself rationalistic, and could beat them on
their own ground.

The World-Time Parallel

Tense and Modality in Logic and Metaphysics

Is what could have happened but never did as real as what did happen? What did happen, but isn't happening now, happened at another time. Analogously, one can say that what could have happened happens in another possible world. Whatever their views about the reality of such things as possible worlds, philosophers need to take this analogy seriously. Adriane Rini and Max Cresswell exhibit, in an easy step-by-step manner, the logical structure of temporal and modal discourse, and show that every temporal construction has an exact parallel that requires a language that can refer to worlds, and vice versa. They make precise, in a way which can be articulated and tested, the claim that the parallel is at work behind even ordinary talk about time and modality. The book gives metaphysicians a sturdy framework for the investigation of time and modality - one that does not presuppose any particular metaphysical view.

We are simply using English as an example of a language in which sentences
are being used which can illustrate the world—time parallel, and we choose
English simply because readers of this book will already understand it. We are
though concerned with how to analyse the truth or falsity of ordinary English
sentences like And we say that (1) is true at a time t iff1 there is rain in Waitarere
at t. In other words (2) 'It is raining in Waitarere' is true at a time t iff it is raining in
Waitarere at l', ...

Philosophy of the English-Speaking World in the Twentieth Century 2: Meaning, Knowledge and Value

Routledge History of Philosophy

Volume 10 of the Routledge History of Philosophy presents a historical survey of the central topics in twentieth century Anglo-American philosophy. It chronicles what has been termed the 'linguistic turn' in analytic philosophy and traces the influence the study of language has had on the main problems of philosophy. Each chapter contains an extensive bibliography of the major writings in the field. All the essays present their large and complex topics in a clear and well organised way. At the end, the reader finds a helpful Chronology of the major political, scientific and philosophical events in the Twentieth Century and an extensive Glossary of technical terms.

INTRODUCTORY REMARK Aesthetics in the English-speaking world during the
twentieth century, with regard to its central problems, falls into three relatively
distinct periods: the psychological, the analytic and the contextual. Until the
1950s, philosophers attempted to resolve aesthetics' central ... During the 1950s
and 1960s aesthetics was impacted by the two strains of analytic philosophy.
One strain is of a formal and stipulative sort. The principal figures in this tradition,
Monroe ...

Oeuvres Philosophiques Et Scientifiques D'Al-Kindi

L'Optique Et LA Catoptrique

This publication of al-Kind 's "Optics" and "Catoptrics" provides "editio princeps" and the first translation of three books including the "Rectification of Euclid's Optics" hitherto unknown. In this book, the reader will find genuine and new information about Greek and Arabic optics and catoptics.

catoptrique d'al-Kindi, désormais plus substantielle qu'on le croyait, une fois
découverts la Rectification et les deux fragments - sur les grandeurs immergées
dans l'eau et sur le miroir sphérique concave -, et restitué son traité sur les
rayons solaires, ne se réduit cependant pas à ces écrits, auxquels on doit ajouter
le De aspectibus. Nous avons en effet montré, grâce à ces mêmes fragments, d'
ailleurs, ...