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How to Build a Digital Library

How to Build a Digital Library reviews knowledge and tools to construct and maintain a digital library, regardless of the size or purpose. A resource for individuals, agencies, and institutions wishing to put this powerful tool to work in their burgeoning information treasuries. The Second Edition reflects developments in the field as well as in the Greenstone Digital Library open source software. In Part I, the authors have added an entire new chapter on user groups, user support, collaborative browsing, user contributions, and so on. There is also new material on content-based queries, map-based queries, cross-media queries. There is an increased emphasis placed on multimedia by adding a "digitizing" section to each major media type. A new chapter has also been added on "internationalization," which will address Unicode standards, multi-language interfaces and collections, and issues with non-European languages (Chinese, Hindi, etc.). Part II, the software tools section, has been completely rewritten to reflect the new developments in Greenstone Digital Library Software, an internationally popular open source software tool with a comprehensive graphical facility for creating and maintaining digital libraries. Outlines the history of libraries on both traditional and digital Written for both technical and non-technical audiences and covers the entire spectrum of media, including text, images, audio, video, and related XML standards Web-enhanced with software documentation, color illustrations, full-text index, source code, and more

But don't forget to make backup copies of the original versions of these two
images first! When you preview the result, look at your Greenstone home page
and at any collection. The CSS files and images allow you to make superficial
changes ...

Extending Explanation-Based Learning by Generalizing the Structure of Explanations

Extending Explanation-Based Learning by Generalizing the Structure of Explanations presents several fully-implemented computer systems that reflect theories of how to extend an interesting subfield of machine learning called explanation-based learning. This book discusses the need for generalizing explanation structures, relevance to research areas outside machine learning, and schema-based problem solving. The result of standard explanation-based learning, BAGGER generalization algorithm, and empirical analysis of explanation-based learning are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the effect of increased problem complexity, rule access strategies, empirical study of BAGGER2, and related work in similarity-based learning. This publication is suitable for readers interested in machine learning, especially explanation-based learning.

Learning. in. Mathematically-Based. Domains. All the mathematical sciences are
founded on relations between physical laws and laws of numbers, so that the aim
of exact science is to reduce the problems of nature to the determination of
quantities by operations with numbers. James Clerk Maxwell ...

Understanding UML

The Developer's Guide : with a Web-based Application in Java

The Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a third generation method for specifying, visualizing, and documenting an object-oriented system under development. It unifies the three leading object-oriented methods and others to serve as the basis for a common, stable, and expressive object-oriented development notation. As the complexity of software applications increases, so does the developer's need to design and analyze applications before developing them. This practical introduction to UML provides software developers with an overview of this powerful new design notation, and teaches Java programmers to analyse and design object-oriented applications using the UML notation. * Apply the basics of UML to your applications immediately, without having to wade through voluminous documentation * Use the simple Internet example as a prototype for developing object-oriented applications of your own * Follow a real example of an Intranet sales reporting system written in Java that is used to drive explanations throughout the book * Learn from an example application modeled both by hand and with the use of Popkin Software's SA/Object Architect O-O visual modeling tool.

Apply the basics of UML to your applications immediately, without having to wade through voluminous documentation Use the simple Internet example as a prototype for developing object-oriented applications of your own Follow a real example ...

Systems Engineering with SysML/UML

Modeling, Analysis, Design

UML, the Universal Modeling Language, was the first programming language designed to fulfill the requirement for "universality." However, it is a software-specific language, and does not support the needs of engineers designing from the broader systems-based perspective. Therefore, SysML was created. It has been steadily gaining popularity, and many companies, especially in the heavily-regulated Defense, Automotive, Aerospace, Medical Device and Telecomms industries, are already using SysML, or are plannning to switch over to it in the near future. However, little information is currently available on the market regarding SysML. Its use is just on the crest of becoming a widespread phenomenon, and so thousands of software engineers are now beginning to look for training and resources. This book will serve as the one-stop, definitive guide that provide an introduction to SysML, and instruction on how to implement it, for all these new users. *SysML is the latest emerging programming language--250,000 estimated software systems engineers are using it in the US alone! *The first available book on SysML in English *Insider information! The author is a member of the SysML working group and has written sections of the specification *Special focus comparing SysML and UML, and explaining how both can work together

This book will serve as the one-stop, definitive guide that provide an introduction to SysML, and instruction on how to implement it, for all these new users. *SysML is the latest emerging programming language--250,000 estimated software ...

Illustrating Evolutionary Computation with Mathematica

An essential capacity of intelligence is the ability to learn. An artificially intelligent system that could learn would not have to be programmed for every eventuality; it could adapt to its changing environment and conditions just as biological systems do. Illustrating Evolutionary Computation with Mathematica introduces evolutionary computation to the technically savvy reader who wishes to explore this fascinating and increasingly important field. Unique among books on evolutionary computation, the book also explores the application of evolution to developmental processes in nature, such as the growth processes in cells and plants. If you are a newcomer to the evolutionary computation field, an engineer, a programmer, or even a biologist wanting to learn how to model the evolution and coevolution of plants, this book will provide you with a visually rich and engaging account of this complex subject. * Introduces the major mechanisms of biological evolution. * Demonstrates many fascinating aspects of evolution in nature with simple, yet illustrative examples. * Explains each of the major branches of evolutionary computation: genetic algorithms, genetic programming, evolutionary programming, and evolution strategies. * Demonstrates the programming of computers by evolutionary principles using Evolvica, a genetic programming system designed by the author. * Shows in detail how to evolve developmental programs modeled by cellular automata and Lindenmayer systems. * Provides Mathematica notebooks on the Web that include all the programs in the book and supporting animations, movies, and graphics.

In practical applications, genetic algorithms are applied in combination with local
hill-climbing procedures. The genetic ... Books on evolutionary computation The
Handhoo/2 of Evolutionary Computation (Back, Fogel, et al. 1997) is a large ...

Evolutionary Computation in Bioinformatics

This book offers a definitive resource that bridges biology and evolutionary computation. The authors have written an introduction to biology and bioinformatics for computer scientists, plus an introduction to evolutionary computation for biologists and for computer scientists unfamiliar with these techniques.

Mol. Biol., 215:403-410. Anabarasu, L. A. (1998). Multiple sequence alignment
using parallel genetic algorithms. In The Second Asia-Pacific Conference on
Simulated Evolution (SEAL-98), Canberra, Australia (B. McKay, X. Yao, C. S.
Newton, ...

Green Information Technology

A Sustainable Approach

We are living in the era of "Big Data" and the computing power required to deal with "Big Data" both in terms of its energy consumption and technical complexity is one of the key areas of research and development. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that centralized computing infrastructures (data centres) currently use 7 giga watts of electricity during peak loads. This translates into about 61 billion kilowatt hours of electricity used. By the EPA’s estimates, power-hungry data centres consume the annual output of 15 average-sized power plants. One of the top constraints to increasing computing power, besides the ability to cool, is simply delivering enough power to a given physical space. Green Information Technology: A Sustainable Approach offers in a single volume a broad collection of practical techniques and methodologies for designing, building and implementing a green technology strategy in any large enterprise environment, which up until now has been scattered in difficult-to-find scholarly resources. Included here is the latest information on emerging technologies and their environmental impact, how to effectively measure sustainability, discussions on sustainable hardware and software design, as well as how to use big data and cloud computing to drive efficiencies and establish a framework for sustainability in the information technology infrastructure. Written by recognized experts in both academia and industry, Green Information Technology: A Sustainable Approach is a must-have guide for researchers, computer architects, computer engineers and IT professionals with an interest in greater efficiency with less environmental impact. Introduces the concept of using green procurement and supply chain programs in the IT infrastructure. Discusses how to use big data to drive efficiencies and establish a framework for sustainability in the information technology infrastructure. Explains how cloud computing can be used to consolidate corporate IT environments using large-scale shared infrastructure reducing the overall environmental impact and unlocking new efficiencies. Provides specific use cases for Green IT such as data center energy efficiency and cloud computing sustainability and risk.

Green Information Technology: A Sustainable Approach offers, in a single
volume, a broad collection of practical techniques and methodologies for
designing, building, and implementing a green technology strategy in any large
enterprise ...

Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence

Proceedings of the ... Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence

[Jensen & Jiangmin L., 1995] Finn Verner Jensen and Jiangmin L. drHugin: A
system for hypothesis driven data request. In Probabilistic Reasoning and
Bayesian Belief Networks, pages 109 - 124. Alfred Waller, Ltd., London, 1995. [
Jensen et ...

Information Modeling and Relational Databases

Information Modeling and Relational Databases, second edition, provides an introduction to ORM (Object-Role Modeling)and much more. In fact, it is the only book to go beyond introductory coverage and provide all of the in-depth instruction you need to transform knowledge from domain experts into a sound database design. This book is intended for anyone with a stake in the accuracy and efficacy of databases: systems analysts, information modelers, database designers and administrators, and programmers. Terry Halpin, a pioneer in the development of ORM, blends conceptual information with practical instruction that will let you begin using ORM effectively as soon as possible. Supported by examples, exercises, and useful background information, his step-by-step approach teaches you to develop a natural-language-based ORM model, and then, where needed, abstract ER and UML models from it. This book will quickly make you proficient in the modeling technique that is proving vital to the development of accurate and efficient databases that best meet real business objectives. *Presents the most indepth coverage of Object-Role Modeling available anywhere, including a thorough update of the book for ORM2, as well as UML2 and E-R (Entity-Relationship) modeling. *Includes clear coverage of relational database concepts, and the latest developments in SQL and XML, including a new chapter on the impact of XML on information modeling, exchange and transformation. * New and improved case studies and exercises are provided for many topics. * The book's associated web site provides answers to exercises, appendices, advanced SQL queries, and links to downloadable ORM tools.

This book will quickly make you proficient in the modeling technique that is proving vital to the development of accurate and efficient databases that best meet real business objectives. *Presents the most indepth coverage of Object-Role ...

Linux Networking Clearly Explained

Passionately democratic in its advocacy of networking for the masses, this is the first book on Linux networking written especially for the novice user. Because the free, open-source Linux operating system is winning so many converts today, the number of Linux-based networks will grow exponentially over the next few years. Taking up where Linux Clearly Explained left off, Linux Networking Clearly Explained walks the reader through the creation of a TCP/IP-based, Linux-driven local area network, beginning with a "sandbox" installation involving just two or three computers. Readers master the fundamentals of system and network administration-including handling user accounts and setting up security-in this less complex environment. The author then helps them along to the more sophisticated techniques associated with connecting this network to the Internet. * Focuses on the 20% of Linux networking knowledge that satisfies 80% of network needs-including the needs of small businesses, workgroups within enterprises and high-tech homes. * Teaches novices to implement DNS servers, network information services (NIS), network file systems (NFS), and all of the most important TCP/IP services, including email, Web and newsgroup access. * Explains how to set up AppleTalk and Windows NT domain servers for networks that include MacIntosh or Windows systems. * Comes with a CD containing the latest version of Red Hat Linux, as well as additional freeware/shareware Linux tools and network management applications.

Passionately democratic in its advocacy of networking for the masses, this is the first book on Linux networking written especially for the novice user.